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Oregon-Oxford debate Overview

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Oregon-Oxford Debating


l       History of Debate

l       Objectives

l       The Resolution

l       Research

l       Case-building

l       Parts of the Debate

l       Speaker Roles

l       The Constructive Speech 




Debate during the Olden Days


l       It was in 5th Century B.C. in Syracuse a city from Ancient Greece has gone through war and revolution. People struggled for peace and order. A particular concern for them was land ownership for lands were claimed through memory.



What is Debate?


l       Debate is basically a response to a problem. It is a competition using words and logic. It is to change people’s minds and actions through our words and power of conviction.

Objectives of Debate



l       Main Objective

            * To resolve the issue intelligently at the end of the debate

         Specific Objectives

            * To have a comprehensive grasp of issues

            * To be able to prepare a case which tackles the P, N and B.




The Resolution



         Stated as: Let it be resolved that (LIBRT):______________.


            *           Usually about a policy.

            *           Stated in a way that alters the status quo.

            *           Positively-stated.






l       Research first before case-building

            The team should research before building their case if the issue is new and is still developing.

l       Case-building before research

            The team should build their case first before undergoing research when the issue has already been widely discussed and debated.






Affirmative – Burden of Proof

  • Must establish a prima facie case
  • Must prove all aspects of their case to win
  • Can not win based on the inability of the negative to prove its case.



Negative – Burden of Rebuttal

  • Must destroy either the P, N, or b of the affirmative’s case
  • Can not discuss anything that the affirmative did not bring up



            Practicability – feasibility of a proposition, includes matter of:

            *law      *clamor *finance

            Necessity – need for the proposition, discusses the presence or absence of an inherent flaw in the status quo.

            Beneficiality – advantages or disadvantages of adopting or rejecting the resolution, includes;

            * specific beneficiaries  *specific benefits 



Parts of the Debate



l       Constructive Speech

       The presentation of each team member’s arguments and evidence for each aspect of the case – 5 minutes each

  • Interpellation

            The opportunity for each debater to ask and answer questions regarding their speeches -  3 minutes

  • Rebuttal           

            The summary and defense of each team’s arguments and evidence, to be delivered by either the scribe or the team captain – 6 minutes




Speaker Roles

l       3 Speakers

            Practicability speaker

            Necessity Speaker


  • 1 Scribe




l       1st Speaker (Affirmative Side)

            I.          Introduction

            II.         State the proposition

            A.         Define the terms

            B.         Give the status quo

                                    1.         What is the status quo?

                                    2.         What is wrong with it?

            C.         State your stand

    1. Team Split
    2. Caseline

            A.         State all your arguments first

            B.         Go back, then strengthen each one

            C.         Always give transition. You could repeat the argument after your explanation.

VI.        Conclusion                                




l       1st Speaker (Negative Side)

            I.          Introduction

            II.         State the proposition of the affirmative

                        A.         Negate/show the clash with the given                             proposition

            III.        Rebut the 1st speaker of the affirm.’s arguments

            IV.        Caseline (same as the 1st spkr-aff)

            V.         Conclusion (same as the 1st spkr-aff)




l       Rebuttal Speaker (Affirmative and Negative)

            I.          Introduction

            II.         State the proposition

                        A.         What has happened in this debate?

                        B.         Where was the clash?

    1. Rebuttal of the Opposing team

            A.         What have they said?

            B.         Why is it wrong?

            C.         Fallacies committed



          1. Summary

            A.         Restate all the arguments of each speaker

                        1.         What have they said?

            2.         Why is it right?

        1. Strengthen arguments by giving more examples or elaboration.
        2. Conclusion