l History of Debate
l The Resolution
l Parts of the Debate
l Speaker Roles
l The Constructive Speech
during the Olden Days
l It was in 5th Century B.C. in Syracuse a city from Ancient Greece has gone through war and revolution. People struggled for peace and order. A particular
concern for them was land ownership for lands were claimed through memory.
l Debate is basically a response to a problem. It is a competition
using words and logic. It is to change people’s minds and actions through our words and power of conviction.
l Main Objective
* To resolve the issue
intelligently at the end of the debate
* To have a comprehensive
grasp of issues
* To be able to prepare
a case which tackles the P, N and B.
Stated as: Let it be resolved
* Usually about a policy.
* Stated in a way that alters the status quo.
l Research first before case-building
The team should research
before building their case if the issue is new and is still developing.
l Case-building before research
The team should build their
case first before undergoing research when the issue has already been widely discussed and debated.
OF EACH TEAM
– Burden of Proof
- Must establish a prima facie case
- Must prove all aspects of their case to win
- Can not win based on the inability of the negative to prove its case.
– Burden of Rebuttal
- Must destroy either the P, N, or b of the affirmative’s case
- Can not discuss anything that the affirmative did not bring up
OF THE CASE
feasibility of a proposition, includes matter of:
*law *clamor *finance
Necessity – need
for the proposition, discusses the presence or absence of an inherent flaw in the status quo.
Beneficiality – advantages
or disadvantages of adopting or rejecting the resolution, includes;
* specific beneficiaries *specific benefits
of the Debate
l Constructive Speech
The presentation of each
team member’s arguments and evidence for each aspect of the case – 5 minutes each
The opportunity for each
debater to ask and answer questions regarding their speeches - 3 minutes
The summary and defense
of each team’s arguments and evidence, to be delivered by either the scribe or the team captain – 6 minutes
l 3 Speakers
l 1st Speaker (Affirmative Side)
II. State the proposition
A. Define the terms
B. Give the status quo
1. What is the status quo?
2. What is wrong with it?
C. State your stand
- Team Split
A. State all your arguments first
B. Go back, then strengthen each one
C. Always give transition. You could repeat the argument after your
l 1st Speaker (Negative Side)
II. State the proposition of the affirmative
A. Negate/show the clash with
III. Rebut the 1st speaker of the affirm.’s arguments
IV. Caseline (same as the 1st spkr-aff)
V. Conclusion (same as the 1st spkr-aff)
l Rebuttal Speaker (Affirmative and Negative)
II. State the proposition
A. What has happened in this
B. Where was the clash?
- Rebuttal of the Opposing team
A. What have they said?
B. Why is it wrong?
C. Fallacies committed
A. Restate all the arguments of each speaker
1. What have they said?
2. Why is it right?
- Strengthen arguments by giving more examples or elaboration.